13 basic photography composition you should know

All photos are from http://ww.xitek.com/(色影无忌).

Photography composition is very important,whether you can shoot high quality photo sometimes depend on your composition.Here is 13 basic photography composition you should know.

1.The rule of Thirds compositon

The main object is placed in the line or intersections of the imagined # shade, so the image looks more harmony.It is the most common composition.For some beginners,they tend to put the object in the center of the photo,but this is not  recommended.

he rule of third composition

2.Varied composition

Varied composition is the composition of a scene that is deliberately arranged on one corner or on one side. The composition will lead people to think and imagine and leave some room for further judgment. Rich in charm and taste. It is commonly used to present landscape scenery, sports, art photography, humorous photos, and etc.

varied composition

3.Balanced composition

Balanced composition gives people the feeling of satisfaction, the structure of pictures is perfect, and the arrangement is ingenious, corresponding and balanced. It is often used to represent moonlight, water, night scenes, news and other topics.

balanced composition

4.Symmetrical composition

Symmetrical composition has the characteristics of balance, stability, and relative. Disadvantages: dullness and lack of change. It is commonly used to represent symmetrical objects, buildings, and special objects.

symmetrical composition

5.S-shaped composition

The S-shaped composition is the composition of the S-curve in the scenery on the screen. The composition has the characteristics of prolongation and change, making people look rhythmic and feel beautiful, elegant and harmonious. When the subject needs to be represented in a curved form, the S-shaped composition should first be considered. It is commonly used to present rivers, streams, and paths.

S-shaped composition

6.Diagonal composition

Diagonal composition arranges the subject on the diagonal line, which can effectively use the diagonal length of the screen and can also associate the accompaniments with the theme directly. The composition appears lively and tends to produce a convergence trend of lines to attract attentions and highlight the subject (for example, the spotlight irradiates the subject).

Diagonal composition

7.Cross-line composition

The cross-line composition is a layout in which the objects are arranged diagonally crossed. The intersection of scenes can be inside or outside the scene. The former has the characteristic of a cross-type composition, and the latter has the characteristic of diagonal composition. The composition can make full use of the space, and lead the focus to the cross center, or lead it outside the screen, which is characterized by liveliness, ease, and connotation.

cross-line composition

8.Ray-style composition

Ray-style composition can be divided into two types: vertical oblique lines and horizontal oblique lines. It is commonly used to represent movements, tilts, turbulence, imbalances, tensions, dangers, and trepidation. Some pictures use oblique lines to point out specific objects and serve as a fixed guide.

Ray-style composition

9.X-shaped & cross-type composition

The X-shaped composition is the composition of lines and shadows in an X-shaped layout. The composition has a strong sense of perspective and is conducive to guide people’s focus from the periphery to the center or makes the scene gradually enlarged from the center to the surrounding. It is commonly used to present buildings, bridges, highways, fields and other topics.

The cross-type composition is the composition that the sceneries, shadows, and colors on the screen changed orthogonally. The composition is able to leave more space for more backgrounds and accompaniments, allowing the viewer’s focus naturally converges at the intersection. It is commonly used for objects arranged stably, or for shooting objects that move regularly.

X-shaped composition

10.Triangle composition

Triangle composition takes the three visual centers as the main position of the scene, and sometimes it forms the location of the scene with the plane which is decided by three points and forms a stable triangle. This triangle can be an equilateral triangle, an oblique triangle, or an inverted triangle. oblique triangles are more commonly used and are more flexible. Triangle composition has the characteristics of stability, balance, flexibility and so on.

Triangle composition

11.Horizontal composition

The horizontal composition has the characteristics of calmness, tranquility, comfort, stability. It is often used to represent calm lakes, waves of microwaves, endless plains, vast flat fields, and grasslands.

horizontal composition

12.Vertical composition

Vertical composition can fully exhibit the height and depth of the scene. It is commonly used to represent the forests, towering trees, steep mountains, rocks, waterfalls, skyscrapers, and other vertical linear sceneries.

Vertical composition

13.Centripetal composition & Radial composition

The centripetal composition is a composition in which the subject is in the center, and the surroundings are concentrated towards the center, which can strongly guide people’s attention to the center of the subject and play a role in gathering. It has distinctive features highlighting the subject, but sometimes it can also create a feeling of center stress and cramped.

Radial composition is a composition in which the subject is the core and the scene is diffused and emitted. This allows people to concentrate on the subject, and makes the picture more open, stretch, and diffuse. It is often used in occasions where it is necessary to highlight the subject and the scene is complicated. It is also used to make special effects for people and scene in more complex situations.

centripetal composition

1 Comment

  1. Thanks for your sharing.
    Very good composition and rule

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